Reference: Dog Owner’s Home Veterinary Handbook
by: James M Griffin, MD & Lisa D Carlson, DVM – 3rd Edition, 2000
*CONSULT YOUR VETERINARIAN BEFORE GIVING YOUR DOG ANY OTC MEDICATIONS
|Asprin||Anti-Inflammatory||5mg/lbs every 12 hrs|
|Benadryl||Antihistamine||1mg/lbs every 8 hours|
|Betadine||Solution Topical antiseptic||Dilute 2mL to 2Qts tap water|
|Charcol||Binds stomach poison||One 5mg tablet per 10lbs|
|Chlorhexidine solution||Topical antiseptic||Dilute 25mL to 2Qts tap water|
|Dramamine||Motion sickness||2-4mg/lbs every 8 hrs|
|Hydrogen peroxide||Induce vomiting||1tsp/10lbs orally – may repeat every 15-30 minutes (3 times only)|
|Kaopectate||Persistent diarrhea||.5-1mL/lbs (or 1-2tps/10lbs) every 4 hrs|
|Milk of Magnesia||Antacid, laxative||2-5mL/lbs every 4-6hrs (antacid); or 7-25mL/lbs once only (laxative)|
|Mineral Oil||Lubricant/Laxative||10-50mL per day (add to food)|
|Pepto-Bismol||Diarrhea||.5-1.5mL/lbs every 12 hrs|
|Robitussin||Expectorant||1tsp/20lbs every 4 hrs (as needed)|
|Robitussin DM or Benylin Expectorant||Cough suppressant||05-1mg/lbs (or 1tsp/20lbs) every 6 hrs|
|Tylenol||Fever Reducer, analgesic||7mg/lbs (or 05 of a 325mg tablet per 25lbs) every 8 hours|
Top 10 Pet Poisons – Know What to Avoid to Protect Your Pet
With various dangers lurking in corners and cabinets, the home can be a minefield of poisons for our pets. In 2009, the ASPCA’s Animal Poison Control Center (APCC) in Urbana, IL, handled more than 140,000 cases of pets exposed to toxic substances, many of which included everyday household products. Don’t leave it up to Fido or Fluffy to keep themselves safe. Below is a list of the top 10 pet poisons that affected our furry friends in 2009.
1) Human Medications
For several years, human medications have been number one on the ASPCA’s list of common hazards, and 2009 was no exception. Last year, the ASPCA managed 45,816 calls involving prescription and over-the-counter drugs such as painkillers, cold medications, antidepressants and dietary supplements. Pets often snatch pill vials from counters and nightstands or gobble up medications accidentally dropped on the floor, so it’s essential to keep meds tucked away in hard-to-reach cabinets.
In our effort to battle home invasions by unwelcome pests, we often unwittingly put our furry friends at risk. In 2009, our toxicologists fielded 29,020 calls related to insecticides. One of the most common incidents involved the misuse of flea and tick products—such as applying the wrong topical treatment to the wrong species. Thus, it’s always important to talk to your pet’s veterinarian before beginning any flea and tick control program.
3) People Food
People food like grapes, raisins, avocado and products containing xylitol, like gum, can seriously disable our furry friends, and accounted for more than 17,453 cases in 2009. One of the worst offenders—chocolate—contains large amounts of methylxanthines, which, if ingested in significant amounts, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, panting, excessive thirst, urination, hyperactivity, and in severe cases, abnormal heart rhythm, tremors and seizures.
Common houseplants were the subject of 7,858 calls to APCC in 2009. Varieties such as azalea, rhododendron, sago palm, lilies, kalanchoe and schefflera are often found in homes and can be harmful to pets. Lilies are especially toxic to cats, and can cause life-threatening kidney failure even in small amounts.
5) Veterinary Medications
Even though veterinary medications are intended for pets, they’re often misapplied or improperly dispensed by well-meaning pet parents. In 2009, the ASPCA managed 7,680 cases involving animal-related preparations such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, heartworm preventatives, de-wormers, antibiotics, vaccines and nutritional supplements.
Last year, the ASPCA received 6,639 calls about pets who had accidentally ingested rat and mouse poisons. Many baits used to attract rodents contain inactive ingredients that are attractive to pets as well. Depending on the type of rodenticide, ingestions can lead to potentially life-threatening problems for pets including bleeding, seizures or kidney damage.
7) Household Cleaners
Everybody knows that household cleaning supplies can be toxic to adults and children, but few take precautions to protect their pets from common agents such as bleaches, detergents and disinfectants. Last year, the ASPCA received 4,143 calls related to household cleaners. These products, when inhaled by our furry friends, can cause serious gastrointestinal distress and irritation to the respiratory tract.
8) Heavy Metals
It’s not too much loud music that constitutes our next pet poison offender. Instead, it’s heavy metals such as lead, zinc and mercury, which accounted for 3,304 cases of pet poisonings in 2009. Lead is especially pernicious, and pets are exposed to it through many sources, including consumer products, paint chips, linoleum, and lead dust produced when surfaces in older homes are scraped or sanded.
9) Garden Products
It may keep your grass green, but certain types of fertilizer and garden products can cause problems for outdoor cats and dogs. Last year, the ASPCA fielded 2,329 calls related to fertilizer exposure, which can cause severe gastric upset and possibly gastrointestinal obstruction.
10) Chemical Hazards
In 2009, the ASPCA handled approximately 2,175 cases of pet exposure to chemical hazards. A category on the rise, chemical hazards—found in ethylene glycol antifreeze, paint thinner, drain cleaners and pool/spa chemicals—form a substantial danger to pets. Substances in this group can cause gastrointestinal upset, depression, respiratory difficulties and chemical burns.
Prevention is really key to avoiding accidental exposure, but if you suspect your pet has ingested something toxic, please contact your veterinarian or the Animal Poison Control Center’s 24-hour hotline at (888) 426-4435.